AAC and Positive Supports (Learning, Behavior, Communication, etc.)

Aspects of Support for Learning, article contributed By Kim Davis, Indiana Resource Center for Autism. "It is up to those who provide support to truly look at various aspects of what that support may mean. It is not as simple as it sounds." Aspects of support for learning include Relationship, Context, Predictable, Adjusted, Augmented (based on work of Anne Donnellan and Martha Leary). https://www.iidc.indiana.edu/pages/Aspects-of-Support-for-Learning

Behavior Communicates. Handout provides ideas to help parents and educators to discover possible messages in a child’s behavior. "Understanding what behavior communicates and knowing how to respond can be one of the most challenging aspects of teaching." http://digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1005&context=ccids_earlychild

What does "behavior is communication" mean and what are some examples? By Mike Mayer. Since not all behavior is intentional communication, one may misinterpret what a particular action by an individual means. This video with Mike Mayer provides some examples to consider: What does "behavior is communication" mean and what are some examples? (captions and transcript). Minnesota Governor's Council on Developmental Disabilities (MNDDC) http://mn.gov/mnddc/positive_behavior_supports/mike_mayer/mikeMayer05.html

BEHAVIOR IS COMMUNICATION: ARE YOU LISTENING? By Cynthia Kim, Musings of an Aspie blog. Cynthia Kim writes about a wide range of emotions and messages that are communicated in various ways by people on the autism spectrum, and common errors in translating the meaning. https://musingsofanaspie.com/2014/04/30/why-behavior-is-communication-is-no-longer-good-enough/

Beyond Access & AAC: Membership, Participation, and Learning for Students with Complex Communication Needs. Michael McSheehan, Clinical Assistant Professor Communication Sciences and Disorders Institute on Disability/UCED University of New Hampshire. WI Department of Public Instruction Annual Cognitive Disabilities Conference August 11, 2010. PowerPoint presentation with examples of AAC planning and supports. http://dpi.wi.gov/sites/default/files/imce/sped/pdf/aut-mcsheehan-keynote.pdf

Brief Description of PBS Related to Autism Spectrum Disorder, Association for Positive Behavior Supports website. "In many cases, children and adults with autism have difficulty communicating their wants and needs. Engaging in a problem behavior is a signal to a family member or others that the individual may be trying to communicate something important." http://www.apbs.org/new_apbs/autismdesc.aspx

Communication Access For People who have Communication Disabilities. "This booklet is intended to inform businesses and organizations about providing accessible goods and services to people who have communication disabilities, and may be a helpful resource in complying with the customer service standard under the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005 (AODA" http://www.mcss.gov.on.ca/documents/en/mcss/publications/accessibility/commAccessCommunicationDisabilities/Communication_Access_ENG.pdf

Communication and Autism — articles from the Indiana Resource Center for Autism on Behavior and Communication: A Message to Novices and Strangers to ASD: Look for Behavioral Communication; Communicative Functions or Purposes of Communication; Helping Your Children Develop Communication Skills; Long and Short Term Strategies for Reducing Specific Repetitive Questions: https://www.iidc.indiana.edu/pages/articles-communication

Communication Supports and PBS—Why? Who? What? in Augmentative and Alternative Communication Supports for Problem Behavior in Individuals with Autism Association for Positive Behavior Support Chicago, IL March 29, 2008, Pat Mirenda, Ph.D. University of British Columbia. http://www.apbs.org/archives/conferences/fifthconference/files/SWK_111_Mirenda_presentation.pdf

Is There a Speech Language Pathologist on Your Behavior Support Team? Article contributed by Beverly Vicker. Indiana Resource Center for Autism website. "If one accepts the connection between communication skills and behavioral challenges as a valid one, then one would logically expect speech language pathologists (SLPs) to be involved in the problem solving/intervention program that revolves around challenging behaviors." Describes effective involvement of SLP with a behavior support team. https://www.iidc.indiana.edu/pages/is-there-a-speech-language-pathologist-on-your-behavior-support-team

A Message to Novices and Strangers to ASD: Look for Behavioral Communication contributed by Beverly Vicker, CCC-SLP. Indiana Resource Center for Autism website article. "Communication is often difficult for individuals with ASD, particularly if they are stressed or anxious. This occurs for those who can talk as well as for those who must communicate by another means such as through signing. All behavioral communication has a message; it will be important to look for it and to figure it out, with help, as needed." Article includes examples of behavioral communication and possible messages, to get the reader thinking about a wide range of possible meanings. https://www.iidc.indiana.edu/pages/A-Message-to-Novices-and-Strangers-to-ASD-Look-for-Behavioral-Communication

Nonverbal Complaints / Clues, Ruth Myers, MD, James Salbenblatt, MD, Melodie Blackridge, MD. List of behaviors commonly seen as problems and possible biomedical causes. http://dimagine.com/page66.html

Working with Autism and Other Social-Communication Disorders, Journal of Rehabilitation,  Oct-Dec, 2000  by Marjorie F. Olney. http://www.bahaistudies.net/neurelitism/library/working_with_autism.pdf